Sex dating in harper oregon

Added: Ikeem Yoshioka - Date: 16.10.2021 05:56 - Views: 22184 - Clicks: 9652

Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. There is a dearth of research regarding the influence of family members on adolescent dating. This study explored messages that African American adolescents received from family members regarding dating attitudes, norms and behaviors. Analyses revealed that participants received a diversity of messages from a range of both nuclear and extended family members, and that these messages were organized around three temporal phases of dating: initiation, maintenance, and termination.

Types and sources of messages are discussed, as well as implications for intervention development. For early adolescents, roles related to sexual behavior are created and negotiated through interactions with ificant others, such as parents Christopher, Due to this nesting, literature on adolescent sexual partnering is often inherently related to dating, although romantic aspects of relationships are rarely explored. Instead, the primary focus is typically on the consequences of engaging in sexual activity e. Even in more recent studies where romantic partnership status was explored, the focus was still on sexual activity or contraceptive use within the context of a relationship e.

One exception is Harper, Dolcini, Gannon, Watson, and Catania's exploration of the role of close friends in the dating and sexual behavior of urban African American adolescents. They found that close friends play a critical role in shaping African American adolescents' conceptualizations of dating and sexual roles, acquiring new dating and sexual partners, and in determining the course of dating and sexual relationships.

Although this information regarding the role of friends in the dating behavior of adolescents is helpful in better understanding this developmentally critical behavior among African American adolescents, more information is needed regarding the additional influences of other ificant people in the lives of adolescents, especially nuclear and extended family members. Bronfenbrenner's bioecological systems theory BST; Bronfenbrenner,is a useful theoretical framework for understanding ecological systems and factors that influence the dating and sexual behavior of African American adolescents.

Use of an ecological approach allows for the examination of youth within their social contexts and assists with understanding reciprocal relationships between individuals and their environment. BST Bronfenbrenner,asserts that human development occurs at different levels of social interaction and within multiple environmental systems. These developmental processes are bidirectional and occur between individuals and their environments with the interconnectedness of each system and their consequent Sex dating in harper oregon with the individuals.

In discussing the important influence of these complex reciprocal interactions between parent and child on development, Bronfenbrenner and Morris highlighted that close relationships with adults other than parents such as relatives that involve complex reciprocal activity also play a key role in development. Research on parental influences on the sexual behavior of African American adolescents has been heavily focused on parent-adolescent communication regarding sex. The majority of these studies have focused on communication between mothers and adolescents, as earlier studies demonstrated that mothers of African American adolescents were the primary parental communicators about sexual topics Miller et al.

For the most part these studies have explored parent-adolescent communication regarding sexual risk and protective behaviors and have not explored communication related to dating. One exception is a study by Akers, Yonas, Burke, and Chang that analyzed focus group data from a larger study that was focused on parent-adolescent communication about sex in African American families.

They found that discussions about IPV and healthy relationships were almost universally reported by parents and adolescents, and that parents transmit their values and expectations regarding dating and romantic relationships through these conversations. A major finding was that parents generally worry about their daughters' relationship safety, whereas they worry about their sons' capacity to show respect for partners Akers et al.

In addition to parent-adolescent communication, some studies have explored other systemic sources of information and messages about sexuality and relationships for African American adolescents. Epstein and Ward found that while male adolescents in general reported receiving less communication about sexual information from their parents than from media and peers, African American males reported receiving more communication from their parents than did White, Latino, and Asian American males.

When exploring underlying attitudes of African American mothers and daughters that could affect sexual communication, Aronowitz, Todd, Agbeshie, and Rennells found that mothers communicated Sex dating in harper oregon negative messages about males and their sexual intents e. The authors suggest that these negative messages regarding males and sex may prohibit adolescents from talking openly with their mothers about sex-related topics Aronowitz et al.

Teitelman, Bohinski, and Boente explored sources of where African American and White female adolescents learned about sex, sexuality, and relationships. Participants in this study stated that most family messages regarding sex, sexuality, and relationships were received from mothers, with additional information and advice being given by fathers, aunts, uncles, grandparents, older siblings, and older cousins Teitelman et al.

Although not the central focus of this study, this qualitative investigation is one of the only ones that has explored messages from other family members besides parents, and that assessed messages regarding dating relationships.

Sex dating in harper oregon

The current study is focused on exploring the range of messages African American adolescents receive from multiple family members regarding dating norms and behaviors. In addition, studies also have not conducted an in-depth analysis of the range of messages youth receive from multiple family members regarding dating norms and behaviors for heterosexual African American adolescents. Given the strong influence of extended family members on African American adolescents Gerstel, ; Jones et al.

These youth represented a subsample of adolescents who participated in a larger qualitative research study focused on gender ideologies and their relationship to dating and sex. To take part in the study, participants had to have met the following eligibility criteria: 1 identify as African American or Black, 2 be between ages 15 and 17 inclusiveand 3 endorse predominant sexual behavior with persons of the opposite sex. The 51 youth selected for analysis in this study met those criteria but additionally met the criteria of being sexually active, as defined by having ever had penetrative intercourse with a person of the opposite sex.

All participants were recruited from Chicago and San Francisco community-based, youth-serving agencies. Youth were living in low-income neighborhoods.

Sex dating in harper oregon

Once eligibility for the larger study was established through a screening procedure, parental consent and youth assent were obtained. The youth then participated in individual, semistructured qualitative interviews administered by trained, ethnic minority interviewers in a private setting. When possible, the gender of the participant and interviewer were matched. All interviews took place in spring and summerand participants were compensated for their time.

Interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed. Accuracy of transcription was checked by members of the research team involved in data collection. A semistructured qualitative interview guide was developed specifically for the larger study by a team of researchers experienced in working with African American youth. The interview was grounded in a phenomenological framework, which provided a general structure for discussion but required participants to provide their own definitions based on life experiences and perceptions.

The interview protocol Sex dating in harper oregon multiple aspects of sex and dating relationships, including gendered images of African American adolescents, sources of information about sex, norms about sexual activity and Sex dating in harper oregon, ideal romantic partners, advice about dating and relationships, sexual communication, and future life expectations. Data analysis was conducted using a phenomenological framework, which focuses the analysis on describing what a given group of participants have in common as they experience a particular phenomenon Creswell, ; Patton, To assist with classifying, sorting, and retrieving coded text during the analysis process, transcribed interviews were entered into QSR International's NVivo 7 software prior to analysis.

Data coding and analysis were iterative and interactive processes conducted by a data analysis team which consisted of the first four authors, three of whom identify as African American. The first step involved reading all interview transcripts to increase familiarity with the data. After all of the transcripts were read and reviewed, content codes were created collaboratively by the data analysis team to capture the experiences described by participants, and a codebook was created that included operational definitions of all codes. Transcripts were then reread and pattern codes were created to connect subsequent concepts under larger headings within each transcript.

Coding and analysis activities were discussed by members of the data analysis team during weekly meetings, and discrepancies in coding and interpretation were resolved through discussion and consensus. The below illustrate the diversity of messages youth receive from a wide range of family members, nuclear and extended. These messages are organized around three temporal phases of dating: initiation, maintenance, and termination.

The initiation phase refers to the time period before a formal dating relationship has been established. The maintenance phase refers to the time period during a formal dating relationship, and the termination phase refers to the time period during a formal dating relationship, and the refers to the time period when a relationship has, or will soon be, ended. Within each temporal phase, salient themes that emerged from the data are presented accompanied by one or more illustrative quotes.

Several quotes contain the letter P at the beginning of a statement to denote that it is the participant speaking, or the letter I at the beginning of a statement to denote that it is the interviewer speaking. Pseudonyms have been used to ensure the confidentiality of participants. When examining the messages received regarding initiating a dating relationship, two primary themes emerged: dating initiation and partner selection. Dating initiation messages were those that youth received from family members regarding how to start a new dating relationship.

Sex dating in harper oregon

Three subthemes or types of dating initiation messages were revealed: passive communication, active communication, and general approach to initiating a dating partnership. Passive communication messages included those received from family about passive ways to communicate interest or disinterest to a potential dating partner; these methods conveyed interest or disinterest through subtle gestures e.

I want you. Janet, year-old female, Chicago.

Sex dating in harper oregon

Active communication messages were those received from family about active ways to communicate interest or disinterest to a potential dating partner. These methods were often direct actions, including verbal communication and unambiguous nonverbal als e. Although young women in our sample, like Janet, were often encouraged to communicate interest passively, the young men in our sample were often encouraged to directly approach young women.

James shared advice he received from his uncle. I: Have you learned about how to meet a new girl from someone and what ideas did you get from them? P: From an uncle; like telling me some pick-up lines. Like we could start itoff like an icebreaker start off the conversation and basically, once you starta conversation, just keep it going as long as you can. James, year-old male, San Francisco.

General approach to initiating a dating partnership messages were those messages communicated by family members about how to initiate a dating relationship that did not relate to physically attracting or communicating with potential partners. These messages reflected general ways of being that would result in successfully initiating relationships.

Frequently, youth were encouraged to be genuine in their interactions. These generally included choosing partners who were not engaged in negative behaviors, who treated the youth with respect, and who had goals. Lisa, a year-old female from Chicago, reported hearing this message from multiple family members:. Sex dating in harper oregon Like you should be with somebody who's actually doing something with his life, who actually wants to make it and who won't pull you down in drama that they're in.

Stuff like [be with someone] who's not in trouble. That's basically the stuff that I heard. I: And you say your family—like which family members in particular? Can you think of any?

Sex dating in harper oregon

P: Everyone. Grandmother, mom, cousins, uncles, aunties, everyone. Lisa, year-old female, Chicago. Overall, dating initiation messages were generally provided to youth by family members in an attempt to protect youth and prepare them for healthy and productive dating relationships. Mutual independence messages relayed ideas about the degree to which the youth or his or her romantic partner should be independent; these messages related to maintaining an identity separate from your partner, and preserving time that is separate from one's dating partner.

Henry's mother advised him to let his girlfriend make independent choices. P: Like she told me to let her [female dating partner] live her life some, like not trying to be overprotective. Like she going to be there but, if she want to go do this, then let her go do this because you can't stop a person if they really want to go do something. Just let them go do it. Henry, year-old male, San Francisco. Pleasing your partner messages were messages received from family members about how to keep one's partner satisfied.

These messages related to satisfaction achieved by compliance to partner's wishes, completion of household tasks, Sex dating in harper oregon sexual interactions. Yeah, I learned that to keep a guy when you get older you have to learn how to cook. You got to know how to do hair, just in case you're having kids, you could just do her hair, do your daughter hair and if your boyfriend got hair, you can do his hair too.

But, yeah, she told me I gotta learn how to cook, do hair, keep the house clean, be book smart and also street smart and yeah. Another young woman was told by her mother and a female cousin that she must please her male partner sexually. P: Um, they give nasty advice, stuff like um, I don't know, well no, not really, only advice that I got, if you don't do it, another girl will.

Like you know, so if your boy want you to do it, try it at least once.

Sex dating in harper oregon

Like you know, or he'll find another girl who will do it. Things like that. P: Um-hum [Yes], and that's not always true. Barbara, year-old female, San Francisco. It is interesting to note that although it was communicated to Barbara that she should be sexually acquiescent to her partner or risk him being unfaithful, she evaluated this message as untrue. Respecting your partner messages were messages received from family members regarding how youths can show Sex dating in harper oregon to a dating partner. This message of respect was only communicated to males in our sample.

It included various ways that one must show a young woman respect such as addressing her properly, treating her well, and exhibiting manners. Dating behaviors messages were messages received from family about appropriate behaviors while on a date with a partner. As with messages encouraging participants to respect their partner, appropriate dating behavior messages were only communicated to males in our sample.

These messages generally consisted of specific chivalrous practices that males should engage in while on a date. One year-old male remarked:. P: And some other advice that I've gotten, like it might be like make sure you open the door for her or like if you can, try to pay for her, or something like that.

These messages varied in content including messages encouraging youth to refrain from violence within a dating relationship, messages warning youth not to reveal their bad habits to a partner, and messages like the one below, warning Molly, a year-old female from San Francisco, not to become pregnant to maintain a relationship. I: Okay so where did you learn about these kind of stereotypes? For example like you know young Black girls are teen moms.

Sex dating in harper oregon

email: [email protected] - phone:(496) 850-4709 x 1801

This scientist is racing to discover how gender transitions alter athletic performance—including her own